Non-drug treatment of hypertension
First of all, all patients should limit their consumption of table salt to 4-6 grams per day. Data from multicenter studies show that there is a direct relationship between the amount of salt consumed and the level of diastolic blood pressure.
Limiting salt intake to 4-6 g reduces systolic blood pressure by 5.4 mm. Hg., and diastolic pressure - by 6.5 mm. Hg. Reducing body weight in overweight patients is another necessary component of obtaining a long-term effect in the treatment of arterial hypertension. Losing one kilogram of excess weight causes a decrease in systolic and diastolic pressure by 1.6 and 1.3 mm Hg. in accordance.
It is known that alcohol abuse causes an uncontrolled increase in blood pressure. Patients with severe arterial hypertension are recommended to completely abstain from alcohol. Physical exercises during the period of high blood pressure are not indicated, however, as it decreases and the condition improves, they become a mandatory component of the patient's daily regimen. Preference is given to aerobic exercises, such as walking, jogging, swimming, cycling. The load is selected individually. Exercise combined with diet helps to reduce excess weight and trains the cardiovascular system well. Autogenic training, relaxation techniques are useful for relieving stressful situations, which play a far from the last role in the formation of arterial hypertension.
Non-drug therapy should be given special attention to young people, who often avoid taking drugs, naturally, in their absence, damage to the target organs.